Top 10 Facts About China

Top 10 Facts About China

The People’s Republic of China consists of 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities and 2 special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau). It became one of the earliest civilizations in the world, and archaeological evidence suggests that early hominids inhabited China 2.25 million years ago.

For thousands of years, China’s political system has been based on absolute hereditary monarchies or dynasties, beginning with the semi-legendary Xia Dynasty in the 21st century BC. The Chinese monarchy disintegrated with the Xinhai Revolution in 1912, when the Republic of China (ROC) replaced the Qing Dynasty. Here are ten facts about China;

1. The story of tea begins in China

According to legend, tea was first discovered by the legendary Chinese emperor and herbalist Shen Nong in 2737 BC.  One day, he and his army traveled far away and stopped to rest. The servant began to boil water for him to drink, and a dead leaf of a wild tea bush fell into the water. It turned brown but went unnoticed and was presented to the emperor anyway. The emperor drank it and felt very refreshing, and tea came into being.

In modern China, people still drink tea regularly, whether on casual or formal occasions. It is the national drink of the country.

2. Toilet paper was invented in China

In the 2nd century BC, the Chinese invented a packaging and filling material called paper, which led to the subsequent invention of toilet paper. The first record of paper cleaning comes from the 6th century Middle Ages in China, found in the writings of scholar Yen Chih-Thui. In AD 589, he wrote: “I dare not use the paper with the citations of the Five Classics or the names of saints in the toilet.”

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Every toilet paper even has a scent. Mass production of modern toilet paper began in the late 19th century.

3. Color is important in Chinese culture

Colors are important in Chinese culture because certain colors have certain values ​​attached to them.  These colors correspond to the five elements of water, fire, wood, gold and earth taught in traditional Chinese physics. Confucius considered other colors to be “inferior”.

. Known as Qing in ancient times.

4. China has the longest sea-crossing bridge in the world

The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge is a 55-kilometer (34-mile) bridge-tunnel system consisting of a series of three cable-stayed bridges, an undersea tunnel and four artificial islands. It is both the longest sea-crossing channel in the world and the longest fixed channel on the high seas in the world. It is the three main cities in the Pearl River Delta, which are geographically close but separated by water.

The construction of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge project started in China on December 15, 2009, and was completed on February 6, 2018. On October 24, 2018, the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge opened to the public on October 24, 2018, following the opening ceremony by Chinese leader Xi Jinping.

5. China has only one time zone

Despite spanning nearly five geographic time zones, China follows a single standard time offset of UTC+08:00. The official national standard time is called Beijing Time (BJT) domestically and China Standard Time (CST) internationally.

However, this is not always the case. In 1912, a year after the fall of the Qing Dynasty, the newly formed Republic of China established five different time zones in the country, ranging from five and a half to eight and a half hours after GMT. But in 1949, as the Communist Party consolidated control of the country, Chairman Mao Zedong ordered that, for the sake of national unity, all of China would henceforth be on Beijing time.

6. China has the largest military

In 2022, the People’s Liberation Army Ground Forces (PLAGF) has the largest active-duty armed force in the world, with an estimated 2 million active-duty soldiers. Active duty military are those whose full-time occupation is part of the military

The People’s Liberation Army Ground Forces (PLAGF), established in 1927, is one of the main military divisions of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). China is also the world’s second largest military spender after the United States.

7. China has the fastest train in the world

The Shanghai Maglev Train or Shanghai High Speed ​​Train is a line of maglev trains (Maglev) operating in Shanghai. Construction of the line began on March 1, 2001 and took two and a half years to complete. The line is 30.5 kilometers (18.95 miles) of track, with a separate track to the maintenance facility. The train was launched in 2002 by German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder and Chinese Premier Zhu Rongji.

Based on German technology, the maglev train flies along an elevated track, and powerful magnets provide a super smooth, frictionless ride.

It is the oldest commercial maglev train still in operation and the first commercial high-speed maglev train with a cruising speed of 431 km/h (268 mph). It is also the fastest commercial electric train in the world.

8. Spring Festival is the most important festival

The Lunar New Year, commonly known as the Spring Festival, is a festival on the traditional Chinese lunisolar calendar to celebrate the beginning of the new year. It is one of the most important festivals in Chinese culture and has a strong influence on the Lunar New Year celebrations of 56 ethnic groups.

The first day of the Lunar New Year begins with the new moon that appears from January 21 to February 20. According to legends and legends, the Chinese New Year begins with a mythical beast called Nian during the annual Spring Festival.

9. There are more than 400 sub-styles of Chinese Kung Fu

Chinese martial arts, commonly known as kung fu, are a variety of fighting styles developed in Greater China over hundreds of years. Chinese martial arts originated from the need for self-defense, hunting techniques and military training in ancient China.

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These fighting styles are often classified according to common characteristics and are referred to as “families” of martial arts. Examples of such traits include Shaolin physical exercises that involve imitating all other animals or training methods inspired by ancient Chinese philosophy, religion and legends. Styles that focus on regulating qi are called interiors, while other styles that focus on improving muscle and cardiovascular fitness are called exteriors.

10. China has the most international borders

China boarded a total of 14 other countries. On the northern border, China borders (from west to east) Kazakhstan, Mongolia and Russia. In the west, China borders (from north to south) Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Pakistan.On the eastern border, China’s neighbor is North Korea (and Russia).

Sonia Awan

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